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SIR: Epidemiological studies have shown that Alzheimer disease is a preventable disease and protective strategies relating to dietary supplements, life style, avoiding environmental toxins, and in some cases medication, have the capacity to reduce Alzheimer’s risk by 50% or more.1 Increasing evidence show that reactive oxygen species production, which is one of the main causes of neurodegenerative diseases as Alzheimer, is increased in patients with hypertension.2,3
The role of hypertension in Alzheimer disease has been studied,4 but the effect of hypertensive crises has not yet been clearly demonstrated.
Poulet et al.5 have explored the effect of acute-induced hypertensive conditions on cerebral oxidative stress using a mouse model of transverse aortic coarctation between the two carotid arteries, which acutely imposes a dramatic increase in blood pressure on the right brain hemisphere. The results show that hypertension acutely induced by aortic coarctation induces a breaking of the blood-brain barrier and reactive astrocytosis through hyperperfusion, and evokes trigger factors of neurodegeneration such as oxidative stress and inflammation.
We propose that acute hypertensive states including pheochromocytoma and acute postoperative hypertension may be risk factors for induction and progression of Alzheimer disease. Surely this opinion needs to be examined in clinical trials.
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