It has been more than a century since Kahlbaum3 described catatonia as a syndrome of motor abnormalities, yet it remains a poorly understood phenomenon. Novel methods based on fundamentals of cognitive and social neurosciences may shed some light on neurobiology of catatonia. We propose a broader conceptualization of posturing as a prototype motor dysregulation state based on recent advances in mirror neurons and motor cognition. The increasing understanding of neural circuits underlying motor cognition domains of intention (presupplementary motor area and intraparietal sulcus),4 initiation (supplementary motor area),5 termination (right posterior parietal cortex),6 implicit motor feedback for execution (anterior cingulate),7 sense of agency and gnosis of these phenomena (mirror neurons of inferior parietal lobule, pars opercularis of inferior frontal gyrus and insula)8 is an exciting development. These concepts can be utilized in formulating a composite cognitive model of catatonia which can then be empirically tested.