The authors reviewed the studies of the neuroendocrine secretion of
growth hormone, prolactin, and cortisol as they relate to attention-
deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Studies to date have focused on the
hormonal responses to the stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate) in
children and adults. The authors discuss the methodologic limitations of
current studies, the implications of this research for an understanding of
the pathophysiology of ADHD, as well as the mechanisms of action of the
stimulants and the side effect of stimulant-related growth suppression.
They also suggest directions for future research.